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Lower Stress Predicts Significant Pain Improvement In Fibromyalgia
Wednesday 17 July 2019
Lower stress predicts significant pain improvement in fibromyalgia
Reduced stress levels, and high pain intensity at baseline, predict an increased likelihood of significantly improved pain after 10 to 12 years among patients with fibromyalgia or chronic widespread pain, according to data published in BMC Rheumatology.
“There is limited knowledge of why some patients achieve substantial improvement in pain over time while others do not,” Anna Bergenheim, PhD, of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, and colleagues wrote. “A Swedish postal survey showed that higher health related quality of life at baseline in persons with chronic pain increased the chances of no longer having chronic pain after 3 years.”
“On the other hand, factors such as being a woman, having lower education, high body mass index (BMI), higher levels of depression and anxiety, worse sleep, being former smoker or having other concomitant disorders have been found to predict an increased risk of still having [chronic widespread pain] after 11years,” they added. “Most follow-up studies have been conducted after 3 to 6 years, and the knowledge of the course of symptoms in [fibromyalgia] and [chronic widespread pain] over a longer period appear to be scarce.”
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