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Music decreases pain and increases functional mobility in Fibromyalgia

Monday 17 March 2014

 

From PubMed:

 

Music
 

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia.

Garza-Villarreal EA1, Wilson AD2, Vase L3, Brattico E4, Barrios FA5, Jensen TS6, Romero-Romo JI7, Vuust P8.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital "Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez", Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon Monterrey, Mexico ; Neuroscience Unit, Center for Research and Development in the Health Sciences (CIDICS), Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon Monterrey, Mexico ; Music in the Brain, Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark.
  • 2Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, School of Social, Psychological and Communication Sciences, Leeds Metropolitan University Leeds, UK.
  • 3Danish Pain Research Center, Aarhus University Hospital Aarhus, Denmark ; Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark.
  • 4Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland ; Department of Music, Finnish Center of Excellence in Interdisciplinary Music Research, University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä, Finland ; Brain and Mind Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science Espoo, Finland.
  • 5Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurobiology, Institute of Neurobiology, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Campus Juriquilla Queretaro, Mexico.
  • 6Danish Pain Research Center, Aarhus University Hospital Aarhus, Denmark.
  • 7General Hospital, Secretaria de Salud del Estado de Queretaro Queretaro, Mexico.
  • 8Music in the Brain, Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark ; Royal Academy of Music Aarhus, Denmark.
  • Abstract

    The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability.

    In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain.

    Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the "timed-up & go task (TUG)" to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition.

    Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility.

    Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm.

    Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia.

    Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability.

    KEYWORDS:

    analgesia, fibromyalgia, functional mobility, music, pain

    PMID: 24575066 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC3920463

    Free PMC Article

     

    The above originally appeared here.

     


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